What is NFT (Non-Fungible Tokens)? Everything You Need To Know Author: Muneeb Sheikh Blog, Fintech, Marketing, Tech

NFT (Non-Fungible Tokens)?

NFT stands for “non-fungible token,” and it can hold any digital content, for example, Memes, Gif, songs, or music and videos
It is non-fungible, which means it is unique. Fungible, on the other hand, has examples such as bitcoin. It is possible to exchange one bitcoin for another because they are identical.

NFT(Non-Fungible Token) are virtual assets that have no physical form but can be sold just like any other piece of a physical item.

The blockchain keeps track of who owns the file, just like a real-life painting or one copy of many, like playing cards. NFTs are one-of-a-kind tokens that are non-fungible, meaning they cannot be changed for one another.

NFTs, on the other hand, are not all the same. Using the blockchain, you may buy and sell ownership of unique digital goods and keep track of who owns them via NFTs. An NFT can be one-of-a-kind, or it can be mass-produced.

NFTs, on the other hand, it does not function as a medium of exchange.

How NFTs Works

NFTs are stored on a blockchain, which is a decentralized public ledger that keeps track of transactions. Most people are familiar with blockchain as the underlying technology that allows cryptocurrencies to exist.

NFTs are most commonly kept on the Ethereum blockchain, although they can also be held on other blockchains.

NFTs are practically digital versions of real collector’s artifacts. As a result, rather than receiving an actual oil painting to put on the wall, the customer receives a digital file.

They also obtain exclusive rights to the property. It’s truly the case: NFTs can only have one owner at a time. Because NFTs include unique data, it’s simple to verify ownership and transfer tokens between owners. They can also be used to hold specific information by the owner or author. Artists, for example, can sign their work by putting their signature in the metadata of an NFT.

Risks involved in using NFTs

Identity theft and cyber security

The advancement of technology not only allows for greater efficiency in the trade of digital assets but also introduces unwelcome danger, notably in the area of cyber security. With the evolution of technology, fraudsters have gained an advantage in building Fake NFT stores that may mimic the actual NFT store’s logo and contents. Furthermore, this cybercrime may lead to consumers purchasing counterfeit NFTs, resulting in copyright difficulties.

As the world moves toward digital transformation, which involves huge data exploitation, technological advancements are inextricably linked to cyber dangers. NFT isn’t an outlier. However, because NFTs may become widespread in the next normal, it’s important to remember that their relationship with cyber threats must be appropriately managed to avoid unforeseen downtime or financial loss.

Rights to Intellectual Property

Intellectual property issues are the next significant entry in the list of NFT risks and obstacles. It’s crucial to evaluate an individual’s ownership rights to a certain NFT. It’s critical to determine whether the seller genuinely possesses the NFT before making a purchase. There have been instances of someone photographing NFTs or minting reproductions of NFTs. As a result, when you purchase an NFT, you simply acquire the right to utilize it, not intellectual property rights. The metadata of the underlying smart contract contains the terms and conditions for owning an NFT.

Risks of Tokens and NFT Maintenance

One of the most significant worries in the NFT ecosystem right now is smart contract risk and NFT maintenance challenges. Hackers recently targeted the renowned Defi protocol Poly Network, which features cross-chain interoperability. The NFT theft, which resulted in a loss of nearly $600 million, shines a focus on serious flaws in smart contract security.

For such large-scale attacks, hackers were able to take advantage of Poly Network’s smart contract vulnerability. The poly network allows users to transfer tokens across different blockchain networks while also assisting them in collaborating. The hackers had returned about $300 million to the Poly Network as of the time of writing.

Examples of NFTs

Gaming Industry:

NFTs can be used to represent in-game assets that are managed by the user rather than the game creator, such as digital plots of land.
[33] NFTs allow game assets to be transferred on third-party marketplaces without the game developers’ approval.


A little of digital art NFTs are examples of generative art, as are these pixel art characters.
Because blockchain technology ensures the unique signature and ownership of NFTs, digital art was an early use case for NFTs.

Virtual Reality:

The confirmed ownership of certain NFT releases has sparked the formation of several private internet communities.

Films & Music:

Musicians may now tokenize and publish their work as non-fungible tokens thanks to blockchain and the technology that powers the network. Artists and touring musicians used NFTs to make up for lost income due to the 2020 COVID-19 pandemic as their popularity surged in 2021.

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